Providing health facilities to every individual of the state through the medium of homeopathic medicine is among the resolutions of the state government. To achieve this objective, the homoeopathic Directorate has been functioning as an independent body since 1981. The technique of homoeopathy is based on the basic principle of ‘samah samae samyati’ and helps patients stay free of diseases. homoeopathy gives better medical facilities at low prices and wipes the disease from its roots. Due to all these qualities and the fact that it is effective immediately without any adverse effects on health makes it very popular among the rural public. It is very useful to the poor people especially to those who are below the poverty line and whose expenditure ability is nil. Consequently, the level of acceptance towards homeopathy is increasing rapidly among the people.
For instruction, supervision and control of the departmental activities, the posts of the following are accepted:
In comparison to the 329 Government homoeopathic Hospitals present in 1981, the time when independent homoeopathic Department was formed; the figure has now reached 1515. Among these homeopathic hospitals, 121 are in urban areas and the remaining 1454 are set up in far flung rural areas.
In the year 2007-08, agreement has been approved to set up 32 homeopathic hospitals in urban areas and 1 in T.S.P. region. In this way, the total number has reached 1515. In the remaining period of year 2007-08, the procedure to achieve the agreement for setting up 60 hospitals in rural areas and 59 in S.C.P. areas is going on. Therefore, the department is making every possible successful effort to provide health facilities to the rural public. As a result, the acceptance of the people towards homeopathy is increasing and it is enjoying unprecedented popularity. The following statistical data bears testimony to the above fact. In the year 1983-4, the number of patients serviced by this therapy was 18.20 lakh. This number has been rising every year and in the end of financial year 2006-07, this figure has reached 182.71 lakh, showing an increase of about 10 per cent. In the past 5 years, the details of the number of patients served by the homeopathic therapy are mentioned below.
homoeopathic therapy is assisted by Ripertory in the systematic knowledge of the diseases, deep research and selection of homeopathic medicines. For this, all district hospitals, all state homeopathic medical colleges and all associated hospitals have been computerized.
District homeopathic medical officers have been posted at all state head offices and those have also been computerized. Under the district plan, for setting up the buildings of 6 state homeopathic hospitals in the year 2004-05 and 92 state homeopathic hospitals in the financial year 2005-06, Rs. 17.10 lakh and Rs. 262.20 lakh have been granted successively. The construction process is going on. Similarly, in the financial year 2006-07 it has been decided that 25 hospitals will be set up. The construction of 135 hospitals in the financial year 2007-08 has been proposed. A proposal has also been forwarded to grant funds for the completion of all unfinished projects in the year 2008-09.
In the financial year 2007-08, on the non-planned side, Rs. 5870.36 lakh have been used till Dec. 07 in comparison to the Rs. 10980.56 provided and on the planned side, an expenditure of Rs. 23.66 crore have been allotted by the current planning department for the homeopathy department. Under this plan, for setting up 153 hospitals, construction of 135 hospital buildings, establishment of 2 new homeopathic medical colleges, development of the existing medical colleges, development of the homoeopathic Directorate, establishment and construction of the offices of the district homeopathic medical officers, creation of the posts of 18 women medical officers , setting up medicine factories and testing centers, creation of posts in 126 hospitals that are without posts etc., Rs. 25.09 crore have been sanctioned by the finance department in accordance with the proposals forwarded. This sum is granted apart from the above mentioned funds and this amount includes the grant allotted by the Government of India for the construction of the Government homoeopathic Medical Colleges. . in relation o this, for the establishment of 32 Government homoeopathic Medical Colleges (G.H.M.C.) in urban areas, 60 in general/rural areas and 93 in T.S.P. areas; the posts of 1 medical officer each, 1 pharmacist each, Class IV employees on the basis of contract and 18 women medical officers have been accepted by the government. A sum of Rs. 280.00 lakh has also been released by the government/ finance department for the research related programmes. In state homeopathic colleges
At present there are 7 homeopathic colleges in the state in the following towns—Lucknow, Allahabad, Kanpur, Faizabad, Gazipur, Azamgarh and Moradabad. These colleges have 300 seats each every year. They give the degree of B.H.M.S. In the first year, admission is granted in the basis of merit in C.P.M.T. All the above colleges are affiliated to the Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University in Agra.
In all these G.H.M.Cs, keeping in mind the dearth of teaching posts according to the standards of the Central homoeopathic Authority, New Delhi and the government has created 194 posts for teachers in 7 G.H.M.Cs and hospitals according to the standards of the Central homoeopathic Authority, New Delhi. (This includes the 18 posts for 9 professors at G.H.M.C. Lucknow, Kanpur and Allahabad for commencement of the postgraduate courses. In addition to this, 404 non-teaching posts have also been created. This is done by the government order number 116/71-4-2007-26(B) 66 on May 25, 2007.
For the 3 G.H.M.C. under construction and for construction of the buildings of the colleges in Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad; Rs. 4843.48 lakh have been released and related to this in the current financial year, 2006-07, including the organized amount till now, the acceptance of Rs. 4379.54has been released. In the financial year 07-08the procedure to release the remaining Rs. 463.94lakh is going on.
In the coming financial year 2008-09 due to revised estimation, sum of Rs. 501.38 lakh has been proposed which is equal to the inherent amount according to the revised expenditure. The condition of the homeopathic colleges in the private sector is as mentioned below.
Sainath Postgraduate Institute (homoeopathic), Allahabad
Keeping in mind the above needs, the estimation for the Eleventh Five Year Plan period (2007-2012) is as below.-1. Establishment of the Government homoeopathy Hospital-
Currently, there are 1483 Government homoeopathic Hospitals functioning in the state out of which 89 are in urban areas and the rest are in rural areas. There is no homeopathic hospital/chemist in most villages where the population is 5000 and above. Similarly, there is no facility of homeopathic medicine in all district development divisions; community health centers sand primary health centers. Considering the limited resources of the state, it will perhaps be right to set up homeopathic clinics in all the above mentioned places. Therefore, in the period of the Eleventh Five Year Plan, it is proposed to establish 1000 Government homoeopathic Hospitals and create posts in the 126 previously set up hospitals that are without any portfolios. In this context, the cration of the posts of doctors, pharmacists, Class IV employees is needed along with medicines, furniture and other endowments.
Of the 1515 government homeopathic hospitals in the state, only 208 are functioning in their private accommodation. The rest of the hospitals face many problems in extending health facilities due to lack of private spaces. Therefore, in the Eleventh Five Year Plan, keeping the financial resources in mind, it is in the agenda to construct 1200 hospitals.
At present, there are 7 government homeopathic medical colleges in the state. In theses colleges, 300 students are admitted every year through C.P.M.T. for the attainment of the degree of B.H.M.S. For these colleges, the arrangements of staff and accommodation according to the set standards, has not yet been finalized. As a result, in the first round, the procedure to furnish the three medical colleges of Lucknow, Kanpur and Allahabad according to the minimum standards of the Central homoeopathic Authority by the state government and the construction is in its last stage. In this context, it is proposed to construct the remaining 4 medical colleges according to the standards of the Central homoeopathic Authority as the second part of the Eleventh Five Year Plan period (2007-2012).
At present there are posts of 70 district homeopathic medical officers in the state but there is no staff to assist them. There are looking after the office work as well as the inspection and supervision of the hospitals. Their offices, at the district level, are set up in a small room of the office of the chief medical officers as a temporary arrangement. Due to this, they face various problems in completing the tasks methodically.
Therefore it is proposed to set up 70 such offices in the Eleventh Five Year Plan. For this, 2 clerical and 2 Class IV posts each need to be created. Furniture and other endowments along with construction of the buildings are needed.
For strengthening the functioning pattern of the hospitals in the field and the district homeopathic medical officers, it is proposed to create the post and office of the Zonal Joint Director at the zonal level. In this way, it is proposed in the Eleventh Five Year Plan to create per zone, the posts of 1 Joint Director, 2 Clerical staff and 1 class IV employee each for all the 17 zones along with furniture, other endowments and construction of the office buildings.
In the 7 G.H.M.Cs functioning in the state, the teaching and non-teaching posts are not according to the standards set by the Central homoeopathic Authority. Due to the lack of the posts approved by the Central homoeopathic Authority, there is much difficulty faced by the students in the education system. Therefore creation of the approved posts is indispensable and on the priority.
In a large state like Uttar Pradesh with a population of about 18 crore, there are only 7 government medical colleges and 1 private medical college. In contrast to this, there are 46 colleges in a smaller state like Maharashtra, 21 in Madhya Pradesh, 16 in Gujarat and 13 in West Bengal. Similarly, there are colleges in large numbers in other states too.
In the 7 G.H.M.Cs established in the state, only graduation is offered. For the growth of homeopathy and to increase the standard of education in the state, it is of utmost importance that postgraduate courses are offered in these colleges. Therefore, it is the aim to start these courses in the Eleventh Five Year Plan.
In all educational sciences, research institutes are needed for attaining development of knowledge. In the homeopathic department of the government of India, there is the homoeopathic Drug Research Institute (H.D.R.I.) which studies the effects of various medicines but there is no institute in the government of India that studies the diseases and their modes of treatment. In Uttar Pradesh too, there is no such institute that studies about diseases and effects and ill-effects of medicines. There have been instances in the state where grave diseases like encephalitis, dengue, ghegha, lithiasis etc. have claimed many lives. In other states, studies and research is undertaken and effective measures are taken to cure and control these diseases. However, the state government has not taken any steps to implement the same in the state. Therefore, the Eleventh Five Year Plan aims to establish research departments in homeopathic medical colleges and also to set up a separate research institute.
At present, there are 7 G.H.M.Cs established inn the state affiliated to the Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University but the students of these colleges face many difficulties due to improper conduction of examinations and delays in the announcement of results. Therefore the need of the hour is to establish a separate homeopathic university on the same lines as the King George Medical University is for the allopathic medical colleges of the state and the King George Dental University is for the dental colleges of te state. This will ensure the smooth and efficient functioning of the homeopathic medical colleges. A suggestion has been put forward regarding the establishment of the homeopathic university on 02.03.2006 in the meeting of the Uttar Pradesh Ayurved, Yunani and homoeopathic Development Advisory Committee chaired by Dr. Alok Parikh. In the Eleventh Five Year Plan, it is proposed to establish this university.
There are 7 homeopathic medical colleges, 1482 government homeopathic hospitals, around 2500 homeopathic registered doctors, approximately 25 pharmacies and around 5000medical stores. In the coming years, the aim is to set up 100 new government homeopathic hospitals every year. For working in these hospitals, trained pharmacists are needed but in Uttar Pradesh, there is no institute to train pharmacists. All homeopathic hospitals/medical colleges in the state procure their medicines from private manufacturing units. If the government has its own pharmacies then the pharmacists can be trained there and quality medicines can be obtained at low prices. Therefore in the Eleventh Five Year Plan it is in the agenda to set up at least 5 pharmacy colleges and medicine manufacturing laboratories.
In the homeopathy department there is only one Vehicle Director, exclusively for the use of homeopathy. Apart from this there is no other vehicle for the principals/ superintendents of the colleges and the district homeopathic medical officers and even at the head office level. Due to this several problems crop up. Therefore it is urgently required that 7 vehicles for the principals/superintendents of 5 medical colleges and 70 vehicles for the district homeopathic medical officers and 7 ambulances for the hospitals are provided immediately. This makes it a total of 82 vehicles that are required.